One of the most amazing things about cannabis medicine is its versatility. Patients with dozens of conditions have reported positive results regarding a range of symptoms after using medical marijuana. How is this possible? Because cultivators have learned how to grow specific types of cannabis called strains, all of which target a different set of symptoms.
Types of Strains
The marijuana plant comes in three primary types of strains:
Indica: Indica strains are notorious for creating the “couch-locked” feeling. They make the user feel more tired than energized, making them more suitable for nighttime use.
Sativa: Sativa dominant strains give users more of the head-high associated with cannabis use. They are also more uplifting and energizing, making them perfect for daytime use.
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Hybrid: Hybrids can come in any ratio of Sativa and Indica strains, allowing cultivators to customize them to have a broad range of effects. The best hybrid strains are flawlessly grown to treat specific symptoms and conditions.
You may be wondering how one plant can result in two different strains. It has to do with the chemical breakdown of the marijuana plant. Marijuana is made up of hundreds of elements called cannabinoids, each of which has its own effect.
The two primary cannabinoids in the plant are:
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC): THC is the element of marijuana that makes the user feel “high” and creates the euphoric feeling often associated with smoking weed. THC is the most prevalent component in Sativa strains, which is why they are more uplifting and energizing than Indica strains.
Cannabidiol (CBD): CBD is the cannabinoid most present in Indian strains. It does not make the user feel high like THC does, but it still has many pain-relieving, calming, and other medicinal qualities. This is why Indica strains typically relax the user.